Now a new study shows that more than 1/3 of adults in the UK pre-diabetes, the prevalence rate than tripled eight years ago.
The study authors warned that if no measures are taken to stop the rapid increase in the prevalence of pre-diabetes, the prevalence of diabetes in the UK will also increase rapidly. The study found that the UK each year approximately 5% -10% of patients progressed to diabetes, pre-diabetes, and patients with normal blood sugar is higher than the risk of vascular, renal and retinal disease increases.
The study is published online, published in the journal BMJ Open, drawn from data on 20,000 cases the analysis proceeds to participate in healthy Britons showed that the prevalence of pre-diabetes increased from 11.6% in 2003 to 35.5% in 2011, in addition, the prevalence of diabetes rate rose to 5.6% in 2011 from 3.6% in 2003.
Pre-diabetes is the glycated hemoglobin levels between 5.7% -6.4%, and has not been diagnosed with diabetes. This is one of the conditions of the American Diabetes Association diagnostic composition of pre-diabetes. And diabetes is usually defined as more than 6.5 percent of glycated hemoglobin.
The study found that age, overweight, obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol are risk factors for pre-diabetes. As of 2011, about half (50.6%) obese patients older than 40 years (ie, BMI ≥ 25) in the pre-diabetes, and no significant gender differences.
The study also found that, although in the case without considering the body mass index, all adults have pre-diabetes prevalence rate of more than 20%, but the prevalence of pre-diabetes differ by race. In 2003 and 2006, the population of the poorest regions of the UK are more prone to pre-diabetes, but in 2009 and 2011 between the two is no longer a significant relationship.
Meanwhile, the first author of the paper, Professor Arch Mainous from the University of Florida and his colleagues also recognize that they can not know whether the patients participating in the survey screened or treated.
However, they warned that the rapid increase in the prevalence of pre-diabetes cause short term concern because it suggests the number of cases occur in patients with pre-diabetes tremendous changes in a relatively short period of time. If we do not take appropriate interventions, the number of patients with diabetes also increases, resulting in health care expenditures, the prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular prevalence also increased.
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